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Modernism

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What is considered “Modern” art spans from around the 1860s to the 1970s and is a sort-of umbrella term that encompasses various movements. Overall, Modernism represented a break with the past, and its conservative, Victorian ideals. The invention and spread of photography challenged painting and sculptures’ claim to realism leading artists to increased abstraction and experimentation with form, color, and line. Modernists were interested in a more active, interpretive experience for the viewer, due in part to the attention Freud’s Theory of the Subconscious called to the roles symbolism and individual perception play in constructing reality. Individualism and experimentation overtook idealized realism, paving the way for abstraction to flourish.

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Editorial (11)

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Artists (148)

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Gustave Moreau
Gustave Moreau
French, 1826–1898
Louis Comfort Tiffany
Louis Comfort Tiffany
American, 1848–1933
Albert Pinkham Ryder
Albert Pinkham Ryder
American, 1847–1917

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Works (3531)

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