Near the turn of the century photographer, Gertrude Käsebier decided to take on a pet project of photographing the Native Americans touring with Buffalo Bill.
The project was inspired by Buffalo Bill’s Wild West troupe, touring in New York City. Their grand parade was en route to Madison Square Garden when Käsebier witnessed them. Her childhood was filled with moments of her playing with Native American children while she lived in the Great Plains. Käsebier sent a letter to Buffalo Bill asking for permission to photograph the members of the troupe. Her request was approved and soon she embarked on her project.