artist

Henri Rousseau

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Henri Rousseau became a full-time artist at age 49, after retiring from his post at the Paris customs office—a job that prompted his nickname, “Le Douanier Rousseau,” “the toll collector.” Although an admirer of artists such as William-Adolphe Bouguereau and Jean-Leon Gerome, the self-taught Rousseau became the archetypal naïve artist. His amateurish technique and unusual compositions provoked the derision of contemporary critics, while earning the respect and admiration of modern artists like Pablo Picasso and Wassily Kandinsky for revealing “the new possibilities of simplicity.” Rousseau’s best-known works are lush jungle scenes, inspired not by any firsthand experiences of such locales (the artist reportedly never left France), but by frequent trips to the Paris gardens and zoo. (The Art Story)

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Works (56)

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